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Interrogating the geographies of internal and international migration: a cross-national comparison
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With the slowing of global population growth, migration, both internal and international, is increasingly important in driving population change in many cities and regions. Recent years have seen significant advances in understanding the geography of internal migration, its impacts, and drivers. Understanding of subnational patterns and determinants of international migration is less developed, particularly outside the global north. Very little is understood about the linkages between internal and international moves and how these vary at the sub-national level. Recent improvements in data, present opportunities to jointly study the geography of internal and international migration. This paper explores sub-national variations in the ratio of internal and international migrants in 72 countries around the world using data from IPUMs. Variations in the ratio of internal to international migrants is examined across different facets of development using a multi-level framework. Results of this exploratory work are used to theorise how the links between internal and international migration vary with development.
Dr Elin Charles-Edwards is a population geographer and demographer. Her research is focused on understanding patterns, processes and determinants of human migration and mobility and its impacts on local and regional populations. She is the lead Chief Investigator on an ARC Discovery Project Asian Migration in the 21st Century: An Integrated Account (2020–2023). This project aims to develop an integrated understanding of multiple forms of population movement in Asia incorporating both internal and international migration and temporary and permanent moves.