Housing, Marriage, and Childbearing Pathways in a Low-Fertility Setting
Using a life course perspective, this study aims to identify the multi-trajectories of housing, marriage, and childbearing across adulthood in Taiwan and examine whether earlier life circumstances are associated with later trajectories. Using data from the Taiwanese Panel Study of Family Dynamics 1999–2018 (N = 5,633), group-based trajectory modeling revealed six common housing–partnering–childbearing trajectories. Union formation generally precedes childbearing, whereas housing transitions can occur at various time points. The most prevalent living arrangement was multigenerational households (42.1%), followed by self-owned homes (35.6%), rental homes (13.9%), and dorms or other (8.4%). Results from multinomial logistic regression analysis suggest that parental resources tend to delay home-leaving and subsequent transitions. The study concludes that trajectories of housing, partnering, and childbearing are interdependent. Given the links between earlier circumstances and later trajectories, policies to reduce inequalities and support families in providing adequate and secure housing are important.
Neighborhood Trust, Cohesion and Diversity: How Population Patterns and Processes Shape Their Relationships
Compelling evidence suggests that ethnic diversity is detrimental to neighborhood trust and cohesion. With a focus on diversity, less attention has sought to understand how dynamic processes of migration and residential settlement create diversity and influence trust and cohesion. In this study, we analyze the dynamics and characteristics coinciding with diversity in local communities in Australia, and the implications for neighborhood trust and cohesion. The results show that diverse communities are concentrated in disadvantaged communities in large immigrant gateway cities. Highly diverse communities experience high levels of immigration and population turnover, contain young age structures and more diverse and transient housing and household structures. These characteristics substantially explain observed negative associations between diversity and neighborhood trust and cohesion. The results point to the near intractable difficulties in isolating the effects of diversity and the importance of understanding the dynamic population processes in the construction of neighborhood diversity, trust and cohesion.
This semester, we invite all of our guests to bring their lunch and join us for a casual social gathering before the seminar. Unless otherwise advertised, lunch will be held in the seminar room from 12.30pm with the seminar commencing at 1.00pm.
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